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Conditions »

Abdomen - Swollen
Abdomen swollen is a condition which is characterize by the swelling in the abdomen or a part of abdomen appears bulky in comparison to other parts of abdomen.Abdominal swelling is not a major condition but it is common due to overeating, as a symptom for the Premenstrual syndrome.Abdominal swelling is usually a due to flatus i.e production of gas in ...
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a disorder caused when the large blood vessel whose function is to supply blood to the pelvis, abdomen, and legs becomes unusually large or balloons outward. It is basically the widening of the abdominal portion of the aorta (the major artery from the heart). It can happen to anyone but is usually males above the ...
Abdominal Rigidity
Abdominal rigidity is a sign which is experienced by the doctor not by the patient in many disease condition. It is a stiffness in the wall of the abdomen. This firmness is felt by the doctor by palpitating the abdomen or more precisely we can say around the belly area in the abdomen. This abdominal rigidity can be associated with the ...
Abo Incompatibility
ABO incompatibility results when fetal blood type differs from maternal blood type. The major blood typesareA, B and O. The major forms of incompatibility between the mother and fetus are : when the mother is O and the fetus is B or A or AB (most common); when the mother is A and the fetus is B or AB (uncommon); and when the mother ...
Acetaminophen Overdose
Acetaminophen is a term used for paracetamol in some countries like Hongkong, US, etc while paracetamol is used in other countries. Paracetamol is derived from coal tar. It is active metabolite of phenacetin which is a carcinogenic. Acetaminophen is an extremely safe drug but it may cause harmful effects when it is taken in large doses. It is found in variety ...
Acetone Poisoning
Acetone is an organic compound. It is mainly found in the household products like nail polish remover, some cleaning solutions, glues including rubber, cement, and some lacquers. These are poisoning forms of acetone. Poisonous ingredients include Acetone, Di methyl formaldehyde and Di methyl ketone. The effects of acetone poisoning is different in different age groups. The accidental inhalation of the acetone in large amount may not ...
Achalasia
Achalasia is a disorder of the esophagus. It is characterized by reduced ability to swallow food down the esophagus and the inability of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax in response to swallowing. This condition involves the loss of the wave-like contraction of smooth muscles that forces food through the digestive tract(peristalsis). Achalasia also includes spasms of the valve (sphincter) from the esophagus to ...
Acquired Platelet Function Defect
It is a set of diseases or associated conditions that cause the platelets (the blood cells essential for coagulation) to not function properly. Platelets are blood cells that are essential for blood clotting. Platelet disorders can include inappropriate number of platelets (too many or too few), or normal number but inappropriate functioning of the platelets. Any platelet disorder affects blood ...
Acute Mountain Sickness
An illness that can affect mountain climbers, hikers, or skiers who have ascended too rapidly above 8,000 feet (2,400 meters) --especially persons coming from sea level.
Adrenergic Bronchodilator Overdose
In diseases like Asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc in which there is some obstruction or the bronchi gets constricted. In those cases we have to dilate the bronchi. For this it is preferred to relax the smooth muscles by giving adrenergicbronchodilation in the bronchi. This will help the patient to freely take the air with no difficulty. ...
Anorectal Abscess
A collection of pus in the anal or rectal region. A localized collection of pus in any part of the body that is the result of the displacement or disintegration of tissue. Superficial perianal abcesses are not uncommon in infants and toddlers who are still in diapers and have a history of analfissures.
Acute Appendictis
A sudden inflammation of the appendix. The appendix is a narrow, small, finger-shaped tube that branches off the large intestine. Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of emergency abdominal surgery in children.  appendicitis is not diagnosed in 100% ofappendectomies. It is more common in males than females and incidence peaks in the late teens and early twenties.Appendicitis is ...
Bacterial Gastroenteritis
An inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by bacteria or bacterial toxins .
Barrett'S Esophagus
Norman Barrett discovered this disease in 1957. Barrett's esophagus is a condition caused by inflammation and damage to the lining of the esophagus. Normally, the lower esophagus is lined by squamous epithelium and intestine is lined by columnar epithelium. The lower esophagus when exposed to large amounts of acid leads to a change in the epithelium from the squamous to the columnar ...
Black Widow Spider
Generally spiders do not cause any harm to the human beings,even spider bite do not cause rupture of skin.There are about 30000 species of the spiders are known out of which only few are known to us.Spiders such as black widow spiders and brown recluse are poisonous.Tarantulas bites are painful. Black widow spider is a medium sized spider.The name so ...
Bleeding Esophageal Varices
Varices is a condition where the veins get dilated and look like varicosities. Esophagus is a muscular tube which runs from oropharynx to the the stomach at the cardiac end. Here the food passes and enters into the stomach. In this passage, digestion in the tube does not take place as there is no secretion of juices. The mucus membrane of ...
Blood Poisoning
Blood poisoning is a layman's term for the sepsis.Sepsis is a life threatening condition in which there is growth of bacteria and other toxic products in the body with a severe inflammatory condition in the body called as Systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS).Therefore sepsis=SIRS+ infection from the bacteria, fungi,virus,etc.Infection from the bacteria in the blood is called bacteriaemia.Infection from the fungus ...
Acute Cholecystitis
A sudden inflammation of the gall bladder that causes severe abdominal pain.
Acute Gastritis
A sudden inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
Hepatitis A
An inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. The hepatitis A virus is shed in the stools of an infected person 2 to 3 weeks before symptoms occur and during the first week ofillness. Blood and secretions may also be infectious.

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